Art Nouveau District

2 min read    19 comments

The architectural and artistic answer to the literary Modernist movement that began in the late 19th century was the Art Nouveau movement in Europe. The Art Nouveau movement reached its peak in the early 20th century, which is when the majority of Riga's Art Nouveau houses were built, beginning in 1899. Riga's term for the movement, Jugendstil, comes from the German and Scandinavian movement named after the avant-garde periodical Jugend ("Youth"). Unlike the stiffer sensibilities of Victorian style, Art Nouveau stressed a complete creative freedom, mixing fantastic elements with a tendency to show all utilitarian construction elements as artistic value, with very characteristic elements such as dynamic, undulating, and flowing lines and geometrical ornaments. In Riga, Art Nouveau could be split into two main directions, decorative and romantic-nationalistic Art Nouveau.

 

Riga is one of the largest centres of Art Nouveau, with more than a third of the buildings of its Central District built in the style; other significant centres include Paris, Barcelona, Berlin, Vienna, Krakow, and Moscow and St. Petersburg, among others. The main street for Riga's Art Nouveau district is Elizabetes, which intersects Brivibas Boulevard. In addition to Elizabetes Street, Alberta and Strelnieku Streets also feature impressive examples of the style. In total, there are over 800 Art Nouveau buildings in Riga, but finding them all would be quite an ambitious undertaking, so we'll try to guide you to the most noteworthy ones.

Significantly, most of the Art Nouveau buildings were designed and built by Latvian architects. Buildings in the decorative Art Nouveau style by one of the most famous architects, Mikhail Eisenstein (father of director Sergei Eisenstein), can be found at Elizabetes 10a and 10b, as well as at Alberta 2, 2a, 4, 8 and 13. On Alberta 13 stands a building from 1904 which now houses the Riga Graduate School of Law, which is fully restored and publicly accessible. Right around the corner, Strelnieku Street also features eccentric examples of the style. Romantic-nationalist Art Nouveau can be seen in the buildings by Latvian architects E. Laube, K. Peksens, and A. Vanags, such as those on Terbatas Street 15/17 and Brivibas Street 47, 58, and 62.

More information can be learned about Art Nouveau and other architecture in Riga in the Latvian Museum of Architecture located in one of the Three Brothers in the Old Town.

Comments

Geo
Philippines

what's the name of the building in the picture?

Reply Sep 15th, 2013
Jim
United States

So glad we booked a tour with Latvian Tour Guides. The tour was perfect!!! Thanks!

Reply Jul 22nd, 2012
pussy-cat
United Kingdom

how about some pictures?

Reply Feb 6th, 2012
hoinjsz
Netherlands

Been to Riga. One word: Stunning !

Reply Apr 23rd, 2011
ralph, Art Nouveau Furniture Crafter
United States

Art Nouveau!!! Oh mystery of life I have found you!!!

Reply Jan 15th, 2011
Zoe
United Kingdom

It doesn't really help because i want too know about the building itself not where it is!

Reply Oct 27th, 2010
Conrad (Koenraad)
Belgium

Very interesting. Art nouveau is my favorite and as there are already plenty of reasons to visit Riga. This is one more. One (small) remark. I missed Brussels in the list of cities. Pity!!

Reply Jul 20th, 2010
Dwight Bailey
United States

I just returned from Riga and it has the most remarkable collection of Art Nouveau architecture I have ever seen in one city

Reply Jun 16th, 2010
lucccc
United Kingdom

:)

Reply Dec 9th, 2009
johnayboy
Canada

good description of the period. i am writing a project on art nouveau. for my arc_history class. i hope that i could use this information in my essay (work will be cited of course). the only thing this page needs is MORE PICTURES OF THE ARCHITECTURE IN RIGA!

Reply Oct 18th, 2009
lea
New Zealand

this is amazing:)

Reply Aug 19th, 2009
faggy
United States

They're defiling the district with new pseudo Art-Nouveau buildings. The day you can no longer tell the real from the fakes, is the day the relocate all the embassies to Moskatchka instead.

Reply Jul 5th, 2009
Karl
United Kingdom

Great site! Thanks! I'll definitely go to Riga.

Reply Jun 18th, 2009
Richard
United States

Absolutely beautiful district!

Reply May 26th, 2009
chandan kumar
India

its really fantastic. Art nouveau give me lots of ideas about my creations.

Reply Mar 18th, 2009
Inge
Sweden

Superb. for sure i'm going to see all these mentioned places once i go to Riga

Reply Feb 2nd, 2009
Lorella
Italy

I was in Riga two weeks ago: a wonderful town with very nice people!!! And these buildings in Jugendstil/Art Noveau are really amazing! I took lots of photos there!

Reply Jun 21st, 2008
Diane
United States

This is so exciting! I want to visit Riga now! I love Art Deco as well!!

Reply Apr 10th, 2008
regina
Argentina

I love art nouveau so much! this is beautiful!

Reply Feb 14th, 2008