Stutthof Concentration Camp

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The Stutthof Concentration Camp was the first Nazi camp built outside of Germany and was the last camp liberated by Allied forces.

It lies 34km outside Gdansk and was the place of death for 85,000 people according to official figures, although the actual number killed is assumed to be much greater. Originally a small prison for Poles and P.O.W's, the camp would become the site of some of the worst atrocities of the war.

Between 1939 and 1945, 127,000 prisoners were officially registered in the camp, but those who were immediately singled out for execution were not registered at all, so there is no way of knowing the exact number of people brought to Stutthof. The camp was managed by an SS officer named Max Pauli, who would later be sentenced to death for the crimes committed here.

While there was a gas chamber here, as well as a number of wagons which were converted into gas chambers, the most shocking and disturbing facility was invented and operated by a man named Rudolf Spanner. He had discovered a way to use the fat of murdered prisoners in the production of soap, and hundreds of victims of the Stutthof camp were used to make 'Reines Judische Fett' or 'pure Jewish fat.' After the war, Spanner escaped arrest, despite the severity of his crimes.

Finally liberated on May 10, 1945 by the Soviet Army, the camp was shut down and its prisoners were released. People from 26 different nations had been kept there, a testament to the scale of the Nazi war effort.

Today there is a museum at Stutthof, open Monday through Friday from May 1st until September 30th: 8:00 - 18:00, and from October 1st to April 30th from: 8:00 - 15:00, with free admission. Guided tours to Stutthof are also available. On Mondays there are no guide services, and no film shows. It should also be noted that, in accordance with Polish law, children under the age of 13 are not admitted.


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I visited this site in 2017 and I hope no one finds this question disrespectful to the memory of the place because it is a somewhat sensational topic. I was taking pictures so I could remember my experience, and when I was in the room with the bunks where people slept I seem to have captured a dark spirit in several pictures. Because it persisted in each shot, I was checking to be sure I wasn't casting the shadow or blocking the lens, but this was not the case. It appears as a solid object blocking the light, not as a dark shadow falling over geometry through space. I'm wondering if anyone else who has been to the site also had the same phenomenon in their pictures? Recently I learned about a documented police report where demons were captured on camera by a group of officers investigating a house where the family was reporting paranormal activity, and so it would seem that if there is a spirit present and it can be captured on camera, then I am not the only one who may have captured it in my pictures.

Reply Mar 5th, 2021
United States

I visited the camp in 1975 when I was 13 years old. It was a truly life changing experience. I became a music educator and have shared the experience with many students. I remember how horrific the pictures were. To view the ovens and mass graves was something I shall never forget.

Reply Oct 23rd, 2018
Andrew Sparke
United Kingdom

This account is unfortunately riddled with inaccuracies. The story of Spanner and the manufacture of human soap is largely fake news and the Russian estimates of deaths at Stutthof compiled at the time are likely to have been overstated. for political reasons. Equally mass gassings of inmates would not have been possible in the small gas chamber in the camp and there seems precious little evidence to support the contention that railway trucks were used as mobile gas chambers. But remove the fictional elements and you will find that the stark truth of a death toll in the tens of thousands and of callously casual murders in a forced labour camp in which inmates were fed only starvation rations is evil enough. And incidentally the original commandant Max Pauli wasn't executed for crimes committed at Stutthof but because if what he did at Neugamme, his next SS posting.

Reply Apr 9th, 2018
Leigh Anna
United States

I am learning about Stutthof in my holocaust class and I came here to see when Stutthof was open and about Rudolf Spanner and the soap! Thanks!

Reply May 1st, 2017
United Kingdom

i went there a few years ago , it made me cry! To think of what man can do to man .. and people sitting having picnics ! very mixed emotions

Reply Jan 29th, 2017
Peder Wiland

Visited Stutthof today. Left the camp with a strange and sad feeling. But I am really satisfied been there. Went by bus 870 from Gdansk glowne bus station. Departure once an hour.

Reply Jul 22nd, 2016
United States

do you know the exact day they opened the camp ?

Reply May 4th, 2016
Andrew Sparke
United Kingdom

The first prisoners were transported there from Danzig on 1st September 1939 and camped at the site under guard while they built their own prison camp in the following weeks.

Reply Apr 9th, 2018

I am trying to get some information on my mother's uncle.He had killed in Stutthof. My mother's uncle name is Eduards Ramanis. Any information would be greatly appreciated.

Reply Apr 9th, 2016
Frances beard
United States

Visited this camp in April this year, very somber, no tours, no need for guides. There were DVD of the camp avail,. Really strange to see postcards being sold of such a placr, who would anyone mail a postcard from place to......

Reply Jun 13th, 2014
United Kingdom

I visited Stutthof in 97 when working in Poland on à projekt. very moving, however the polish person that I visited the camp with was very conflicted about visiting the camp since many poles, as well as russians, ukranians, latvians etc were no friends to the jews during this period. although the germans were the enablers of the holocaust its too simpel to think that all poles were heroes as some of the posts on this site suggest. this part Of poland had been part Of prussia before 1919. so thats only à gap of 20 years.

Reply Oct 1st, 2013


Reply Jul 26th, 2013
United Kingdom

a most sobering visit. god help us from this ever happening again.

Reply Apr 1st, 2013
United States


Reply Jan 17th, 2013
United States

How is this awesome. It is a sad qnd embarrassing part of our past. We should be ashamed of thinking of this being "awesome". No harmful feelings, ok. But that wasn't a good response.

Reply Mar 4th, 2014
Tom Høvik

A terrible site it must have been. Well kept camp, but no (few) translations of comments to pictures into english or german.-. My wife and I was there last weekend and we took a Taxi from the hotel in the Old City of great Gdansk; Zloty 260,- back & forth incl that the taxidriver waited for us in 1 1/2 hours.

Reply Nov 28th, 2012
Stella Ortner
United States

I am trying to get some information on my grandfather and his family. According to my father my grandfather was liberated from Stutthof, but was in Dachau for a period of time. My grandfather's name is Noham Buchinsky (Buchinski). Any information would be greatly appreciated.

Reply Sep 5th, 2012
Carol Bell
United Kingdom

I have just discovered that my father, Edmund Chilla, was a prisoner in Stutthoff. He was somehow released from there and went on to survive the war, eventually settling in the UK - meeting my mother and I am the product of that relationship.

Reply Jun 30th, 2012
Andrew Sparke
United Kingdom

Do you know much about his time in Stutthof how he survived. I'd be interested because having written a small book about the camp in English I'm now researching a much fuller history for publication.

Reply Apr 9th, 2018
megan eberhard

i am trying to find out what war camp my grandfather was held in his name was jan eberhard /eberhardt

Reply May 27th, 2012
Colin Frame
United Kingdom

I visited Stuthoff in July this year while holidaying at Stegna close by. Stegna is a very pleasant summer holiday destination and the narrow guage railway which served the camp is still in use. I thought it was a constant reminder of how thousands of people had made a journey to there deaths in the camp on the same lines. Stuthoff itself is so quiet and green it is diificult to feel the real horror of the crimes perpetrated there (there are many accounts on the Web of the experiences of former prisoners). a must to visit.

Reply Sep 19th, 2011
Heather magill
United Kingdom

It was shocking to see what all they poor people were put through but it was also very interesting and in some parts very up setting . I really enjoyed this trip and it is worth every minute of it!

Reply Apr 24th, 2011
United States

can somebody tell me how to get to this place by bus from Gdansk? Thanks

Reply Apr 3rd, 2011
Krystyna Zamorska
United States

Americans are still so ignorant about WWII. that I find myself teaching the history professionally (I am an English Professor) and in personal conversations. Since American's have come to think that the Holocaust was what happened during WWII, note that almost 20% of Poland's prewar population perished. In my family my grandfather was killed in a camp, my father Jan Sadanowicz (at 17) was imprisoned in Stutthof for over two years, I my mother (at 13) was taken to Germany to be a farm slave laborer. Please use "German Nazi" (not just Nazi) and "German-occupied Poland" when referring to the War. This way - perhaps - we can eliminate the often erroneous references (even in respectable American press!) to "Polish camps." Diane Ackerman's "The Zookeeper's Wife" is a great book on the German occupation of Warszawa. Peace. KZ

Reply Nov 28th, 2010
United States

I recently did a paper for my Medical Law and Ethics class. I started with Hippocrates, then to Leonardo Da Vinci, and then on to the Holocaust. I have studied this time period off and on since I was a teenager, but dug pretty deep with my college paper. My heart goes out to all who have suffered such an atrocity. These are stories that need to be told until the end of time. I'm actually thinking of changing my course of study. I'm not really sure where to go with it, I just know that I need to do something.

Reply Nov 23rd, 2010

Hi! I am Erasmus student and I would like to know how I can arrive to Stutthof by public transport. Could sb help me, please?

Reply Nov 23rd, 2010
United Kingdom

i visited Stutthof (2007) never been to a death camp before not sure if i ever want to go to another, having said that it was a experience i wont forget to see for yourself the conditions they endured ,the gas chambers,the cremertorium with its metal stretchers for burning the bodies,to the torture huts photos of men women and children that died there if you get the chance to see for yourself be prepared for a shock you will come away with sadness and horror.R.I.P. for all those who suffered and perrished there.Mick from Liverpool U.K. for all those who made snide comments and jokes on this page your nothing but sad pricks be grateful you were not of there generation

Reply Sep 23rd, 2010
United States

My family just returned from a visit to the Stuutthof Concerntration Camp. A long time wish as a parent was for my daughter see this with her own eyes vs. reading about it in a history book. The grounds are a sacred place. We had a local private guide, car and driver. We will never forget this sobering & horrifing experience. The piles of shoes, the gas chamber, and the pictures of the prisoners will always be in my mind and heart.

Reply Aug 22nd, 2010
United States

Good afternoon! What is the easiest/fastest way to travel from gdansk to the concentration camp? Thanks in advance for your help!

Reply May 24th, 2010
United Kingdom

God bless all who were sent there and forgive all who did their miltary service in this place

Reply May 22nd, 2010
Megan Duren
United States

I agree. To see people be so rude is heart breaking. A Camp like this should be honored and NOT diluted. Even an elementary school child could identify the difference in a time to goof around and a time to shut your trap.

Reply May 11th, 2010
stewart alexander
United Kingdom

So sad that people make offensive comments on this site, god bless all those who died at Stutthof Concentration Camp

Reply May 1st, 2010
stewart alexander
United Kingdom

So sad that people make offensive comments on this site, god bless all those who died at Stutthof Concentration Camp

Reply May 1st, 2010
Lorna McElnay

A Polish friend of mine took me to see the camp at Stuttoff some time ago and I can still sense the silence and the atmosphere. Seeing the names of some lost souls on some posts was very sad for me to see. My friend said after he has never known me to be so quiet. Despite learning about history at school the sense of horror only hit me on this visit and I think on it often.

Reply Apr 10th, 2010
monique wolters

Hello, I am searching for information of a SS-hauptsturmfuhrer With the name Haupt.he has something to do in the history of my friends mother.He was hauptsturmfuhrer in the envirement of Nurnberg and played trombone. do you have any information of such. gratefully, monique wolters

Reply Apr 9th, 2010
Mark Schaufler
United States

I have been there twice, you don't speak as you look, only see and listen. It is a sobering reminder of what we are capable of. I pray it never happens again. I take anyone I can there.

Reply Mar 23rd, 2010
United States

When I Read This It Felt Like I Was Really There. Me And My Friend Were About To Cry. ]:

Reply Mar 15th, 2010
United States

I have to do a research for this at school and i cry everytime i have to read about this cause its very sad

Reply Feb 26th, 2010
United States

you pppl need to realize this is for research not for making stupid commmentns about something you know othing about!! get a life!!!!

Reply Feb 22nd, 2010
United States

You people below me are ridiculous and disrespectful...

Reply Feb 18th, 2010

i am a survivor of the holocaust and i dont see how this could possibly offensive. this is just stating facts of a sad story....p.s.....i love orlando bloom

Reply Jan 25th, 2010
dylon hoke
United States

im jewish and i find all these comments offensive >=(

Reply Jan 25th, 2010
United States

i have to write a 1st person letter for school, so ima try to get into the prisoner's heads

Reply Jan 25th, 2010
United States

I also have to do a project and its seems so sad X'((

Reply Jan 2nd, 2010
john richards
United Kingdom

I visited this camp back in the early seventies.I can vividly remember the pile of shoes taken from the prisoners it was about 6ft high.My imagination ran riot in the prison blocks which also incorporated a surgery a room about 10ft x 8ft.I think more used for experimental purposes than the welfare of the prisoners.I will never forget the tranquility of the whole area of the camp i never heard a bird whistle.

Reply Nov 30th, 2009
United States

i have to do a project on stutthof for school and waht i have learned is verrrrrrrrrrry sad and depressing

Reply Nov 22nd, 2009
United States

wow i hate to think that things like this ever happened to ppl!!!! so forgeet hitler and his stupid nazi's

Reply Nov 9th, 2009
roger whitehead
United Kingdom

having visited this camp with some colleagues we were horrified tot see first hand the depths to which the German depravity descended. They were nand are Nazis

Reply Sep 1st, 2009
Sue Olanczuk
United Kingdom

We visited Stutthof last Sunday but now reading these pages I realise how much deeper the horror was than I did when there. One sign perhaps of the beginnings of healing was a bird nest in one hut with the babies being fed. Other than that I could neither see or hear bird life.

Reply Aug 8th, 2009
robert Parrish
United States

My wife and I were on a Cruise recently and went to visit Stutthof. It is hard to beleive what happened to people at the camp. Please do not close your Museum because generations need to know the terrable things that appened in that camp. It is heart breaking but very impressive.

Reply Jul 15th, 2009
Chas H
United Kingdom

I am taking a great interest in the camps during ww2, having been to several, Auschwitz- Berkanau, Bergen Belsen,Treblinka, Soribor, Dachau to name but a few, Stutthof is on my list and I find that those who help retain the camps for this generation to see do a great job, we must ALL help towards this sort of crime against humanity NEVER happens again, I am an ex forces and I am unable to bring myself to understand WHY other human beings could do such things to other humans and WHY was it permitted to go on, I will find the answers I am looking for, the main one WHY?. God bless those who suffered and perished, at the going down of the sun and in the morning, we will remember them.

Reply Jun 29th, 2009
United States

My Aunt is actually going to visit this camp on July the second. I can't believe that human beings could do this to other human beings, these serial killers, that is what they were, couldn't have suffered enough for their sick,twisted and sadistic crimes.

Reply Jun 24th, 2009
United States

Thank you Poland for keeping the Stutthuf memory alive. We must never forget and you must preserve the camp for others to witness for all time.

Reply Jun 14th, 2009
Gary Marsala
United States

I have been a visitor to Poland many times. I have many friends in Poland and know it to be a proud country. My father and mother worked in production of war goods in the United states during world war II , and my father in law was in the U.S. Army. He fought in many battles against the germans, and also was there in liberate the Polish People and the jews . The atrocities committed against the people were horrific. The German people at this time were the worst. These things whould never be forgotten, and atrocities such as this never allowed to happen again......I have been to many places in Poland and have viewed so much. I have to say to the Polish people God Bless you, You are a couragous and proud People. It is an honor to be your friend.

Reply May 13th, 2009
john nagiel
United Kingdom

my father and his brother and cousins were put here on sept 9th 1939 to construct the camp i believe the germans cleared the whole village of all the men aged 15 and over to do this job,i visited the camp with my family in 2001 and i cannot believe that these things happened to the people of poland,my father never sp0ke about the war and i have been trying to find things out since his death in 1977, i think the polish people are all heros and should speak out to let every generation know what happened the writings in the history books do not do the people of poland justice GOD BLESS POLAND

Reply May 11th, 2009
United States

wow yaeh i am in middle school too and i am doing research on this and its crazy

Reply May 5th, 2009
United States

im only in midel school but i love learning about the holocoast, we hade to do a famious land mark research paper and i choose stutthof, all i have to say to the person that said that mr.rudolf spanner didnt make soap out of inosent people is that that definetly happend, thers pics at

Reply Apr 15th, 2009
United States

There was no mass production of soap! Get that straightened out.

Reply Apr 6th, 2009
United States

What was done in these camps was horrible...No one should ever have to go through those horrible events

Reply Mar 11th, 2009
susan clemans
United States

OMG this is so upseting a class is going to the holacost mueseum

Reply Feb 20th, 2009
chris edwards
United Kingdom

I visited Stutthof in August 2008. We were driven there by a private taxi and did not realise until we were there that our driver's grandfather and grandmother had been there, one died there and one survived. It was an experience i will never forget. I did not know much about the holocaust before but this knocked me off my feet. It was a very sad place but a place where if you get the chance you must visit. I think every school child should be told about the holocaust in school.

Reply Feb 3rd, 2009
Joseph F. Hamilton, III
United States

In 1976, I toured this concentration camp between my jr. and sr. year in high school. I was a southern baptist, dating a jewish girl, so I was sensitive to the situation. My girlfriend's brother was along on the trip of a US soccer team touring the country. Many things I witnessed here rose every hair on my body; however, none so much as to see the family name of a family that I was doing summer yard work for, of dear friends of the very girl I was dating. To have a leader of a country (Iran) deny the existence of these atrocities, is as evil as those who perpetrated them. Put me in a room with him, and justice will prevail, or die... the latter is unlikely. America should awaken...concentration camps are already built here in the US...Google it...and it has nothing to do with race or ethnicity...just money. Get ready people...and God Bless...

Reply Jan 30th, 2009
gabe baglan
United States

i heard that this camp made soap from people's fat... i feel disgusted as to how the nazis could do this

Reply Sep 18th, 2008
Gerald Silverman

I'm not sure what "John" meant when his review said "I loved it". This is a testament to man's inhumanity to man. Maybe the Polish government should reverse its policy about no children under 13 permitted. This lesson should be learned as early as possible in life.

Reply Aug 4th, 2008
david everton
United Kingdom

Having visited stutthof last week(30th may 2008)I felt obliged to encourage anyone who gets the chance to visit the camp and pray that we can make sure that this murder and humiliation never again be allowed to happen.Poland is a beautiful country and the polish one of the friendliest nations i have met.

Reply Jun 1st, 2008
katie shoulders
United States

it was a sad time for everyone . i hope that it will never happen agian.there needs to be more information on this page.

Reply Mar 28th, 2008
United States

i loved it

Reply Mar 6th, 2008
Patricia Mullen
United Kingdom

I visited the camp in September 2007. I was also aware of the silence and the lack of birds, however I was struck by the amount of butterflies, especially those flying in pairs. Each time I went into one of the huts I experienced nausea and headaches. The museum is a reminder of all those who suffered and are still suffering. May we never forget.

Reply Jan 31st, 2008
lucy komorek
United Kingdom

I remember upon entering the camp in 1986, the immediate sickly feeling in the base of my stomach,i also recall the eerie silence,no birds were singing all you could hear was wind russtling in the trees.You could feel the dead around you, welcoming you in.To this day i remember it all as if it was yesterday.

Reply Dec 28th, 2007
Sandra Rath
United States

There is so little written about Stutthof concentration camp that it is nice to see that it is being mentioned. My stepfather was born in this camp, so we have visited on several occasions. Each time is striking. We should support these museums so that this history will never be wiped away and forgotten!

Reply Nov 15th, 2007
United States

Sandra, my mother-in-law was born there. We are looking for all information we can find to determine who the father was. We think it was a German officer. She was a polish prisoner. Were you able to find documentation of your stepfather's birth? We are looking to find as much info as we can get and are asking for anyone that may be able to point us in the right direction. Thanks!

Reply Jan 27th, 2014
clifford hardie
United Kingdom

this place is a must see if you have any thoughts for those who perished

Reply Nov 6th, 2007